Hypertension, heart attacks and stroke.

Q: Can you tell me what percent of people who have high blood pressure actually end up having a heart and/or a stroke?

A: Worldwide about 17 million people die every year from a heart attack or stroke. (http://www.who.int/cardiovascular_diseases) A little over half of these deaths are caused by high blood pressure. (9th edition of Bonow: Braunwald’s Heart Disease-A textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine found online at www.mdconsult.com) The population of the world is about 2 billion people.  This means that around 17 million people die every year from high blood pressure.  Approximately 33% of all adults have high blood pressure.  (http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/fastats/hyprtens.htm)  Based on the above figures, .4% of people with high blood pressure die every year.  Keep in mind some people who have a heart attack or stroke actually die from another cause so this figure is low. I realize this is not an exact answer to your question but medical statistics on the worldwide impact of a disease look at death rates.

Further Reading:
High Blood Pressure and Stroke – WebMD.com
How Does Hypertension Cause Strokes? – LiveStrong.com

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